A plentiful outpouring of the Spirit of God will make the ministration of the gospel so effectual, that there shall be a mighty increase and spreading of Christian knowledge in persons of all sorts. Werner Bible Commentary "For freedom Christ has freed us" â Galatians 5:1 Home » Bible Commentaries » Hebrews Hebrews 8:1-13 Submitted by admin on Sat, 2010-06-12 09:34. Second of the "better promises" ( Hebrews 8:6 ). dwelt among us," Greek, "tabernacled." Oh that this promise might be fulfilled in our days, that the hand of God may be with his ministers so that great numbers may believe, and be turned to the Lord! "There are three periods: (1) that of the promise; (2) that of the pedagogical instruction; (3) that of fulfilment" [BENGEL]. Hebrews 8 Commentary : New Covenant: Laws written on the Heart Video Bible Study Part 1 - Duration: 13:39. It is for . God once wrote his laws to his people, now he will write his laws in them; he will give them understanding to know and to believe his laws; he will give them memories to retain them; he will give them hearts to love them, courage to profess them, and power to put them in practice. This is the covenant - Now the good news of the new covenant of grace. Verse 3 Every high priest is ordained - ÎÎ±Î¸Î¹ÏÏÎ±ÏÎ±Î¹, Is set apart, for this especial work. Not on tables of stone as the law ( 2 Corinthians 3:3 ). tabernacle--( Hebrews 9:11 ). Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Paul's translation here is supported by the Septuagint, Syriac, and GESENIUS, and accords with the kindred Arabic. For--assigning his reason for calling him "minister of the sanctuary" ( Hebrews 8:2 ). Aaronâs priesthood and the ceremonies in the tabernacle and in the temple inreality. Here the heavenly sanctuary is meant. pitched--Greek, "fixed" firmly. John 1:14 , "Word . On "continued not in my covenant," Schelling observes: The law was in fact the mere ideal of a religious constitution: in practice, the Jews were throughout, before the captivity, more or less polytheists, except in the time of David, and the first years of Solomon (the type of Messiah's reign). © 2020 Christianity.com. 4 If he were on earth, â¦ The promises of all spiritual blessings, and of eternal life, revealed in the gospel, and made sure through Christ, are of infinitely greater value. We must not dare to approach God, or to present any thing to him, but in and through Christ, depending upon his merits and mediation; for we are accepted only in the Beloved. they shall not--"they shall not have to teach" [ALFORD]. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:7-13 The superior excellence of the priesthood of Christ, above that of Aaron, is shown from that covenant of grace, of which Christ was Mediator. Hebrews: New Testament Commentary Series, by Ray C. Stedman 7 In speaking of the angels he says, "He makes his angels winds, his servants flames of fire." The law was (1) a typical picture, tracing out the features of the glorious Gospel to be revealed; (2) it had a delegated virtue from the Gospel, which ceased, therefore, when the Gospel came. that which decayeth--Greek, "that which is being antiquated," namely, at the time when Jeremiah spake. "The teaching is not hard and forced, because grace renders all teachable; for it is not the ministry of the letter, but of the spirit ( 2 Corinthians 3:6 ). II. write--Greek, "inscribe." more excellent ministry--than any earthly ministry. The substance, or summary, of what had been declared was, that Christians had such a High Priest as they needed. But as the high priest did not enter the Holy Place without blood, so Christ has entered the heavenly Holy Place with His own blood. The new covenant enables us to obey by the Spirit's inward impulse producing love because of the forgiveness of our sins. Hebrews 8:1 Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens (NASB: Lockman) Greek: Kephalaion de epi tois legomenois, toiouton echomen archierea, os ekathisen en dexia tou thronou tes megalosunes en tois ouranois, I will be merciful--Greek, "propitious"; the Hebrew, "salach," is always used of God only in relation to men. set up by the Lord, not by manâ (ch. Both covenants cannot exist side by side. Thirdly, in the kingdom at once outward and inward, the spiritual being manifested outwardly ( Revelation 21:3 ). Salem Media Group. "The chief point in (or, 'in the case'; so the Greek, Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:15 Hebrews 9:17 ) the things which we are speaking," literally, "which are being spoken." 1. NIV Application Commentary: Hebrews [Hardcover] by Guthrie, George H. by George H. Guthrie Hardcover $28.97 Only 8 left in stock (more on the way). It is implied hereby, the Gospel is founded on the law, in the spirit and essence of the latter. For--The oldest manuscripts read, "accordingly then." Even after the return from Babylon, idolatry was succeeded by what was not much better, formalism and hypocrisy ( Matthew 12:43 ). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. brother--a closer and more endearing relation than fellow citizen. They are united in the spiritual Israel, the elect Church, now: they shall be so in the literal restored kingdom of Israel to come. 3. . seeing that, &c.--"since there are" already, and exist now (the temple service not yet being set aside, as it was on the destruction of Jerusalem), "those (the oldest manuscripts omit 'priests') who offer the (appointed) gifts according to (the) law." The excellence of Christ's priesthood above that of Aaron is shown. COMMENTARY ON HEBREWS 110 (b) It is a divinely appointed session, v. 2. âA minister/religious servant or officer [leitourgÒj, leitourgos] of the sanctuary/saints/holy things4 and of/within the true tabernacle [skhn», sk¯en¯e 10. make with--Greek, "make unto." This is the last of four consecutive weeks that Hebrews has provided the second reading. Compare a similar progression as to the priesthood (1) Exodus 19:6 ; (2) 1 Peter 2:5 ; (3) Isaiah 61:6 , Revelation 1:6 . 8. finding fault with them--the people of the old covenant, who were not made "faultless" by it ( Hebrews 8:7); and whose disregard of God's covenant made Him to "regard them not" ( Hebrews 8:9). Compare 1 Thessalonians 4:9 , 5:1 , an earnest of that perfect state to come. "If His priesthood terminated on the earth, He would not even be a priest at all" [BENGEL]. Not according to, &c.--very different from, and far superior to, the old covenant, which only "worked wrath" ( Romans 4:15 ) through man's "not regarding" it. Israel--comprising the before disunited ( Hebrews 8:8 ) ten tribes' kingdom, and that of Judah. 8 By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, Hebrews 1:8 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 1:8, NIV: "But about the Son he says, 'Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. Notice the freeness of this pardon; its fulness; its fixedness. Sermons 1,468 views 13:39 End Times: Book of â¦ CHAPTER 8 Heavenly Priesthood of Jesus. . e.g. As both shared the exile, so both shall share the literal and spiritual restoration. better promises--enumerated Hebrews 8:10 Hebrews 8:11 . established--Greek, "enacted as a law." faultless--perfect in all its parts, so as not to be found fault with as wanting anything which ought to be there: answering all the purposes of a law. to make--"perfectly": so the Greek. Judah--Therefore, the ten tribes, as well as Judah, share in the new covenant. somewhat--He does not offer again His once for all completed sacrifice. He took upon himself human nature, appeared on earth Hebrews 1:8.The nominative á½ Î¸ÎµÏÏ is taken by our author in the sense of the vocative (comp. upon--resting upon. If on earth, He would not be a priest in the sense of the law of Moses ("according to the law" is emphatic). Hebrews 8:1-13 . Hebrews 1:8-9 derived from Psalm 45:7-8 (6, 7). Lesson 8: Why Jesus Became a Man (Hebrews 2:16-18) Lesson 9: To Endure, Consider Jesus (Hebrews 3:1-6) Lesson 10: A Warning Against Hardness of Heart (Hebrews 3:7-11) But the covenant here referred to, was that made with Israel as a nation, securing temporal benefits to them. If a man be a priest, he must have some gift in his hands to offer. Hebrews Chapter 8 of the Jimmy Swaggart Bible Commentary HEBREWS CHAPTER 8: (1) âNOW OF THE THINGS WHICH WE HAVE SPOKEN THIS IS THE SUM: WE HAVE SUCH AN HIGH PRIEST, WHO IS SET ON THE RIGHT HAND OF THE THRONE OF THE MAJESTY IN THE HEAVENS;â The composition is: 1. The second, that of the pedagogical pupilage, began at the exodus from Egypt. Hebrews 8 commentary 1. Read Hebrews 8 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). he saith--( Jeremiah 31:31-34 ; compare Ezekiel 11:19 , 36:25-27 ). So Romans 3:27 , "law of faith"; and Romans 8:2 , 9:31 , apply "law" to the Gospel covenant. This progressive advance of the significance of the Old Testament institutions, &c., says THOLUCK, shows the transparency and prophetic character which runs throughout the whole. Hebrews 8:8 The word "new" is translated from the Greek word kaine. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 8. finding fault with them--the people of the old covenant, who were not made "faultless" by it ( Hebrews 8:7 ); and whose disregard of God's covenant made Him to "regard them not" ( Hebrews 8:9 ). . The New Testament is shorter than the Old Testament, because, instead of the details of an outward letter law, it gives the all-embracing principles of the spiritual law written on the conscience, leading one to spontaneous instinctive obedience in outward details. "Like a physician who prescribes a certain diet to a patient, and then when the patient is beginning to recover, changes the diet, permitting what he had before forbidden; or as a teacher gives his pupil an elementary lesson at first; preparatory to leading him to a higher stage": so Rabbi Albo in his Ikkarim. (7-13). A month ago this Hebrew âmini-seriesâ began with the famous definition of faith found at 11:1: âFaith is the assurance [or substance] of things hoped for, the conviction [or proof] of things not seen.â The great Chapter 11 and its â¦ Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 13:1-8, 15-16" I will put--literally, "(I) giving." (1-6) The great excellence of the new covenant above the former. the sanctuary--Greek, "the holy places"; the Holy of Holies. He took upon himself human nature, appeared on earth, and there gave himself as a sacrifice to God for the sins of his people. Let us bless God that we have a High Priest that suits our helpless condition. For, &c.--the third of "the better promises" ( Hebrews 8:6 ). Not that the mutual teaching of brethren is excluded while the covenant is being promulgated; but when once the Holy Spirit shall have fully taught all the remission of their sins and inward sanctification, then there shall be no further' need of man teaching his fellow man. Sin being abolished, sinners obtain grace. ; Luke 8:54; Winer, Gramm., 7 Aufl. remember no more--Contrast the law, Hebrews 10:3 . Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary Jesus, our chief priest A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews Keith Simons EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates Mark how verbal inspiration is proved in Paul's argument turning wholly on the one word "NEW" (covenant), occurring but once in the Old Testament. The law in its morality was blameless (Greek, "amomos"); but in saving us it was defective, and so not faultless (Greek, "amemptos"). 3 Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. The body was burnt without the gate; but the sanctification was effected by the presentation of the blood within the sanctuary by the high priest. He is explaining why the priesthood of Jesus is superior to the priesthood associated with the Old Covenant. On the way to that perfect state every man should teach his neighbor. 12. The Epistle to the Hebrews explains that Jesus serves as high priest in the real sanctuary. Much of the book of Hebrews is, according to chapter 8, focused on Jesus Christ's qualifications for fulfilling His responsibilities within the spiritual process that God has instituted under the New Covenant. by how much--in proportion as. The pardon of sin will always be found to accompany the true knowledge of God. See--Take heed, accurately observing the pattern, that so thou mayest make, &c. saith he--God. should no place have been sought--as it has to be now; and as it is sought in the prophecy ( Hebrews 8:8-11 ). I regarded them not--English Version, Jeremiah 31:32 , translates, "Although I was an husband unto them." "This prophecy forms the third part of the third trilogy of the three great trilogies into which Jeremiah's prophecies may be divided: Jeremiah 21-25, against the shepherds of the people; Jeremiah 26-29, against the false prophets; Jeremiah 30 and 31, the book of restoration" [DELITZSCH in ALFORD]. 1. the sum--rather, "the principal point"; for the participle is present, not past, which would be required if the meaning were "the sum." if, &c.--"if He were on earth, He would not even (so the Greek) be a priest" (compare Hebrews 7:13 Hebrews 7:14 ); therefore, certainly, He could not exercise the high priestly function in the earthly Holy of Holies. admonished--The Greek especially applies to divine responses and commands. The Old Testament promises were mainly of earthly, the New Testament promises, of heavenly blessings: the exact fulfilment of the earthly promises was a pledge of the fulfilment of the heavenly. In this chapter the apostle pursues his former subject, the priesthood of Christ. Behold, the days come--the frequent formula introducing a Messianic prophecy. CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS: HEBREWS 8:1-13 A. The measure of alethes is reality; that of alethinos, ideality. The law is not in itself blamed, but the people who had not observed it. 5. Who--namely, the priests. HEBREWS 8 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE The High Priest of a ew Covenant 1 ow the main point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, BAR ES, "Now of the things which we have spoken - Or, âof the things of which we are speakingâ (Stuart); or as we should say, âof â¦ God Himself teaches" [BENGEL]. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 13. he--God. Let us search whether we are taught by the Holy Spirit to know Christ, so as uprightly to love, fear, trust, and obey him. Zechariah 12:8 , "He that is feeble among them shall be as David." Reading Hebrews & James: A Literary and Theological Commentary RtNT 2013 Hebrews LBC 2013 Mills, Watson E.; Wilson, Richard F. General Epistles and Revelation: Volume 8 MCB 2000 McWilliams, David B. Hebrews LCEC St-Takla.org > bible > commentary > en > nt > matthew-henry > hebrews Contact St-Takla.org website You can contact us through this form, or directly through mobile/WhatsApp: 002 â¦ He sets before them the necessary parts of the priestly office, Hebrews 8:3-5. This is the first of the "better promises" ( Hebrews 8:6 ). . At Rama, the headquarters of Nebuzar-adan, whither the captives of Jerusalem had been led, Jeremiah uttered this prophecy of Israel's restoration under another David, whereby Rachel, wailing for her lost children, shall be comforted; literally in part fulfilled at the restoration under Zerubbabel, and more fully to be hereafter at Israel's return to their own land; spiritually fulfilled in the Gospel covenant, whereby God forgives absolutely His people's sins, and writes His law by His Spirit on the hearts of believers, the true Israel. He sums up what he had already said, Hebrews 8:1,2. made . A suitable expression as to the new covenant, which perfected what the old could not (compare end of Hebrews 8:9 , with end of Hebrews 8:10 ). Hebrews 8 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries For (hoti) is a term of explanation - What is the writer explaining? "Hebrews 1:8, ESV: "But of the Son he says, âYour throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom." The believer's firmness does not depend on the authority of human teachers. . And, I. But as in Hebrews 13:10 , "serve the tabernacle," that is, do it service: so "serve (the tabernacle which is but) the outline and shadow." B. In alethes the idea corresponds to the thing; in alethinos, the thing to the idea [KALMIS in ALFORD]. In all obedience and worship, we should keep close to God's word, which is the only and perfect standard. The law is not in itself blamed, but the people who had not observed it. This is interesting because, while it does mean "new" in terms of time, the emphasis in the use of the word, when compared to something of the same kind, in this case, covenants, is on quality - not time. p. 172; Kühner, II. The Hebrews regarded not God, so God, in righteous retribution, regarded them not. Therefore, Christ, as a priest, has His blood as His oblation to offer before God. Instead, it was always God's intent to replace the old covenant (Hebrews 8:6â8). 2. minister--The Greek term implies priestly ministry in the temple. (A) 8 But God found fault with the people and said [ a ] : âThe days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant (B) with the people of Israel Through His glorified body as the tabernacle, Christ passes into the heavenly "Holy of Holies," the immediate immaterial presence of God, where He intercedes for us. 4. 6. now--not time; but "as it is." The law not only made all subject to it, liable to be condemned for the guilt of sin, but also was unable to remove that guilt, and clear the conscience from the sense and terror of it. This tabernacle answers to the heavenly Jerusalem, where God's visible presence is to be manifested to His perfected saints and angels, who are united in Christ the Head; in contradistinction to His personal invisible presence in the Holy of Holies unapproachable save to Christ. 8:1-2). The forgiveness of sins is, and will be, the root of this new state of inward grace and knowledge of the Lord. . made with--rather as Greek, "made to": the Israelites being only recipients, not coagents [ALFORD] with God. Next, in the inward Gospel kingdom. The old covenant would have anticipated all man's wants, so as to give no occasion for seeking something more perfectly adequate. Whereas, by the blood of Christ, a full remission of sins was provided, so that God would remember them no more. The Greek for (Kaine) New (Testament) implies that it is of a different kind and supersedes the old: not merely recent (Greek, "nea"). Using Old Testament Scripture, the writer showed how the new covenant is not about God changing His mind, or His nature. His body. Compare Hosea 3:4 Hosea 3:5 . The Levitical high priests, even when they entered the Holiest Place once a year, only STOOD for a brief space before the symbol of God's throne; but Jesus SITS on the throne of the Divine Majesty in the heaven itself, and this for ever ( Hebrews 10:11 Hebrews 10:12 ). Compare on the phrase "place . and I will be to them a God, &c.--fulfilled first in the outward kingdom of God. 8 Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, u one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 a minister in the holy places, in v the true tent 1 that the Lord w set up, not . As chapter 2 develops . A key theme of the book of Hebrews, in fact, is the idea that God's plan does not change. This section runs from 5:11-10:18 with a parenthesis of warning from 5:12-6:20. None save the Lord can teach effectually, "know the Lord.". This is the foundation of the covenant; and when this is laid, duty will be done wisely, sincerely, readily, easily, resolutely, constantly, and with comfort. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. All worldly vanities, outward privileges, or mere notions of religion, will soon vanish away, and leave those who trust in them miserable for ever. such--so transcendently pre-eminent, namely in this respect, that "He is set on the right hand of," &c. Infinitely above all other priests in this one grand respect, He exercises His priesthood IN HEAVEN, not in the earthly "holiest place" ( Hebrews 10:12 ). 9. "The messenger (angel) of the covenant." Greek "alethinos" (used here) is opposed to that which does not fulfil its idea, as for instance, a type; "alethes," to that which is untrue and unreal, as a lie. "The mount" answers to heaven, Hebrews 12:22 . I. * 1 The main point of what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a 2 a minister of the sanctuary * and of the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 8 and more! Commentary on Hebrews 8:1-6 (Read Hebrews 8:1-6) The substance, or summary, of what had been declared was, that Christians had such a High Priest as they needed. This tabernacle in which God dwells, is where God in Christ meets us who are "members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones." (1-2) A summary of points previously made regarding Jesus as â¦ All Rights Reserved. Same reasoning as in Hebrews 7:11 . The term "consecrate" as a priest, is literally, to fill the hand, implying that an offering is given into the hands of the priest, which it is his duty to present to God. The psalm is an epithalamium, a wedding-song.But even by Rabbins like Aben Esra, Kimchi, and others, it is Messianically interpreted. the pattern--an accurate representation, presented in vision to Moses, of the heavenly real sanctuary. And is thence made effectual to sprinkle believers as the end of their election ( 1 Peter 1:2 ). 11. For in Paul's time, according to his view, the new had absolutely set aside the old covenant. Israel . And, III. in, &c.--rather, "ON their hearts." . mediator--coming between us and God, to carry into effect God's covenant with us. Therefore, His sacerdotal "ministry" must be "in the heavens," not on earth ( Hebrews 8:1 ). The Greek for "example" is here taken for the sketch, copy, or suggestive representation of the heavenly sanctuary, which is the antitypical reality and primary archetype. CHRIST, THE HIGH PRIEST IN THE TRUE SANCTUARY, SUPERSEDING THE LEVITICAL PRIESTHOOD; THE NEW RENDERS OBSOLETE THE OLD COVENANT. Proud member
I took them by the hand--as a father takes his child by the hand to support and guide his steps. Christ is the substance and end of the law of righteousness. of
8 1 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by a mere human being. not man--as Moses ( Hebrews 8:5 ). mind--their intelligent faculty. Compare Jeremiah 7:21 Jeremiah 7:22 , which shows that God's original design in the old covenant ritual system was, that it should be pedagogical, as a schoolmaster leading and preparing men for Christ. Jesus Himself teaches us about our vital need of Him in John 15:4-6. Hebrews 8 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. and their iniquities--not found in Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and one oldest Greek manuscript; but most oldest manuscripts have the words (compare Hebrews 10:17 ). From the time of God's mention of a NEW covenant (since God's words are all realities) the first covenant might be regarded as ever dwindling away, until its complete abolition on the actual introduction of the Gospel. Enduring Word Bible Commentary Hebrews Chapter 8 Hebrews 8 â A New, Better Covenant A. Jesus, our heavenly priest. sought," Hebrews 12:17 . make--Greek, "perfect"; "consummate." Colossians 3:18 ff. the true--the archetypal and antitypical, as contrasted with the typical and symbolical ( Hebrews 9:24 ). All rights reserved. I conceive that the denial here of Christ's priesthood on earth does not extend to the sacrifice on the cross which He offered as a priest on earth; but applies only to the crowning work of His priesthood, the bringing of the blood into the Holy of Holies, which He could not have done in the earthly Holy of Holies, as not being an Aaronic priest. which--Greek, "one which" [ALFORD]: inasmuch as being one which. The superior excellence of the priesthood of Christ, above that of Aaron, is shown from that covenant of grace, of which Christ was Mediator. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. This pardoning mercy is connected with all other spiritual mercies: unpardoned sin hinders mercy, and pulls down judgments; but the pardon of sin prevents judgment, and opens a wide door to all spiritual blessings. In Hebrews, the author shows how ... Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The place (the heavenly Holy of Holies) was as essential to the atonement being made as the oblation (the blood). 7. This is part of a unified context related to the reader's need for maturity. from the least to the greatest--Greek, "from the little one to the great one." serve unto the example--not "after the example," as BENGEL explains. That "blood of sprinkling" is in heaven. Hebrews 8 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references Verse 1-2 Hebrews 8:1-2 The True Tabernacle. old--"hath (at the time of speaking the prophecy) antiquated the first covenant." Implying that Christ's priestly office is exercised in heaven, not in earth; in the power of His resurrection life, not of His earthly life. Under the old covenant, the priest's lips were to keep knowledge, and at his mouth the people were to seek the law: under the new covenant, the Holy Spirit teaches every believer. his neighbour--So Vulgate reads; but the oldest manuscripts have "his (fellow) citizen." Thus the earthly tabernacle was copy of a copy; but the latter accurately representing the grand archetypical original in heaven ( Exodus 25:40 ).